In 2019, 1,921,073,000 tonnes of cargo were transported by road in Poland, placing Polish carriers in the role of the European leader. Road transport is distinguished by high flexibility, it enables the cargo to be delivered precisely to its destination throughout the continent, usually basing on relatively short distances.
International or national road transport is usually carried out by lorries. This type of transport includes dedicated, groupage, and top-up transport – depending on the specification and needs of the cargo. Moreover, road transport can also be part of a complex logistic process that uses many types of transportation, then the following can be distinguished:
- combined transport,
- bimodal transport,
- multimodal transport,
- intermodal transport.
Most often, road transport is the last element in the entire supply chain.